Elaborate crochet work emerged alongside other forms of elaborate needlework in the nineteenth century. When mass production of printed matter began in the mid-19th century, the popularity of crocheting increased enormously.
From about 1824 patterns were first published in the Netherlands for silk thread purses. Prior to this date, the crochet work was passed on to future generations without written pattern, but duplicated from small crochet samples.
Victorian crochet hooks are made from materials such as ivory, brass, various woods and other bone material. They were often artfully carved, with the most impressive being often given as a wedding gift. Crocheted bags, clothing and decor were all popular. Crochet was considered to be a suitable occupation for well-to-do women alongside other forms of manual labor. Pearl crochet began to appear on the market in the 1830s. Knitting with pearls was already fashionable at the time.
Crocheting became a home industry in Ireland with a tip called the Irish Crochet or Guipure lace. By the mid-nineteenth century, it became a major industry, with people having to increase their incomes due to the great famine of the time. In some countries, such as India, Greece, Italy and some Asian countries, it is still a home business.
Crochet samples from the nineteenth century are shown in many museums. A variety of crochet and knit books were published from the mid-19th century to the 1920s. Filet crochet became very popular from the 1850s.
Crochet was popular until the early 20th century. The 1920s brought a torrent of pearl crochet bags with lots of beaded loops to complete the flapper look.
From 1937 to 1940 there were crochet competitions for workmanship and speed. At the beginning of the Second World War, the ship stopped due to lack of material. Pearl crocheted bags were very popular in the 1950s. Crochet became a recognized art form in the 1960s and more textile art experiments took place, including international fiber shows. Crochet regained popularity in the 1970s when it became popular to wear crocheted items.
The 1980s and 1990s brought a renaissance of pearl and thread crochet. Pearl knitted bags gained in popularity in the early 1990s, increasing the demand for beaded knit bags.
In 1994, thirty-four million American women crocheted or knit, compared to thirty-eight million in 2002.
Crocheting today is mainly made from soft yarns for the production of garments and blankets. Although the crochet stitch can be made by machine, he is still a home improvement.
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