Easy knitted bunny tutorial. this was super easy and has held up months later.
By mechanizing life, traditional arts and crafts are dwindling. There was a time when work such as sewing, embroidery, crocheting or lace crafting was beneficial to any girl of marriageable age. It increased her value as a housewife.
Today "time" is a commodity that nobody seems to have - neither the tortured housewife nor the office worker, who has to juggle her time between work and housework. In addition, returns are poor for hours of complicated work.
I was pleasantly surprised when I met an 82-year-old lady in the Midlands who was eager to pass on her batting skills before she left this earth. However, their students were in their sixties and seventies, they did not look so good and their fingers were as agile as they used to be. However, what they lacked in skill was compensated by their enthusiasm. It was not just an opportunity for learning, but also a time for socializing and camaraderie.
I had never seen bobbin lace in India (though one of the ladies said they had been introduced by the colonial women) and was intrigued by the skill and patience that went into their manufacture.
Bobbin lace or pillow tip differs from other types of lace in that multiple bobbins are used to create the gossamer patterns. The coils used can vary from 30 to 1200, depending on the capabilities of the tip manufacturer and the intracyclical of the design. Spools can be simple wooden spools or fancy pieces with colored beads and decorations. Some of them are very expensive and became collector's items.
As a support serves a filled with straw or polystyrene circular cushion. In Europe, rectangular shapes are used. The cushion must be properly "dressed" before starting work, which means that the surface must be smooth and smooth. Another piece of material is distributed on the lower half of the pillow on which the bobbins rest.
A paper pattern is spread on the pillow and the outline of the pattern is attached to the surface with a number of pens. The loose ends of the threads on the spools are hooked around selected pins. Then you can create the most complicated patterns by braiding, turning, turning over or under, forward or backward. "Tossing Coils," as this process is called, is an art acquired through practice. It is time consuming and can not be rushed. Negligence can lead to a jumble of threads and more to frustration than to relaxation. It can take almost three hours for a centimeter tip to finish.
The thread used is usually made of white or cream cotton or linen. Colored threads may be used unless the colors are out of line. Silk or metal threads were also tried.
Bobbin lace comes originally from Italy and dates from the 15th century. In the 16th century, art spread from Venice and Milan to Germany. At the same time it also spread to Great Marlow, England, where it flourished for three hundred years. It took almost a century to spread to other areas.
Since the pins were very expensive, lace making was popular only with the rich and upper classes. But poor, resourceful women used herringbones instead of pins. The term "pinpoint money" is probably derived from the custom of giving money to married girls so they can purchase pins as part of their dowry to make lace.
Pattern books for lace making were first printed in 1561 in Zurich. The intricacies of the knot techniques were explained vividly. They were only available in German. Although the author of this book was a woman, she could not write under her name, but could only use her initials, as women took such a low place in society. Gradually, special books for the nobility and the royal family were printed, while simple instructions were available to commoners.
Italy, France and East Belgium (Flanders) became famous cities of top manufacturing. This was a source of income for many women who were home-bound. Lace was used to decorate clothing, cuffs, scarves (mantillas) and even the edges of socks. Men loved to wear lace stockings. Lace was also used for household linen and church accessories. Certain items of clothing used by the clergy were also lace-trimmed.
Nuns were the first to recognize it as a good source of income, and orphans and children in their care earned cheap labor. It was certainly a profitable industry, and Convent Lace became famous throughout Europe.
In France, Louis XIV promoted lace production by heavily subsidizing the industry. He even forbade the import of tips from other countries.
In Lauterbrunnen, Switzerland, I met another old and experienced teacher who is temporarily trying to keep the art alive. She works out of a small room crammed with her utensils and samples of tangled lace.
"The interest in bobbin lace is dwindling," she complains, "the advent of machinery has knocked the death knell for handmade lace, yet this art has been flourishing in Lauterbrunnen for three centuries since 1669. A pastor was responsible for turning it over He recognized the poverty of his parishioners, went into homeworking, introduced special courses in 1830, and many joined in because they could earn 30 cents per working hour, all of which were original and complicated, made in Brussels and Saxony. "
She showed me examples that included oak leaves, acorns, and flowers in the designs. She even gave me a pair of wooden coils as souvenirs.
The patterns have changed over the centuries. In the Renaissance, geometric patterns and symmetrical patterns were popular. But in the 17th and 18th centuries they became more decorative under Baroque influences, with intricate patterns of leaves and flowers. The most admired patterns were "English Point", a six-sided network, Machelin and Valenciennes.
The end of the handmade lace began in 1820, when John Levers invented the lever machine. The machine combined weaving techniques with weaving techniques and produced spikes in large quantities. After 1920, the machines took over completely. Socioeconomic changes after the First World War put an end to top-level crafting.
The art of bobbin lace is in the final stages. In the few old lace factories such as Bruges, Brussels, Neuchâtel and Lauterbrunnen you can buy bobbin samples at inflated prices.
Because a few old "Kloppel" -makers refuse to let it die, and would like to pass on their skills to a young generation of recipients, bobbin lace can still survive as an amateur art!