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Maharshi Patanjali was revered as a sage and eminent scholar of Yoga and Samkhya philosophy. He conducted hectic research on yoga and systematically organized his principles and practices. His classic work on the subject was one of the most authentic and traditional teachings to slow yogic life.
Patanjala Yoga Sutras is a classic work of sage Patanjali, also known as Ashtanga or Raja Yoga. The traditional text explains the nature of the mind and the causes of mental disorder. The second chapter of the text contains the structured methodology by means of which a calming feeling can be achieved through its principles and practices. Sage wonderfully describes the nature of the disorders and the techniques to counteract these problems.
Emotions are the feelings or sensations of a person in relation to others under different circumstances. Positive state of emotional stability helps to express the correct behavior and attitudes of the personality. The imbalance of emotional states causes more and more suffering, leading to mental distractions, pain and anxiety. The sage Patanajli explains that the five sufferings are the fundamental causes of human misery, which are powerful enough to disturb the nature of our emotions as well.
Psychophysiology of emotional disorders
The disturbed emotions have a very strong influence on our physical and mental health. Many of the psychosomatic diseases of modern times are based on the imbalance of these emotions. They throw out the rhythm of the endocrine profile that affects the normal secretions of many hormones. The physiology of different systems in our body is affected by the imbalances. The irregularity of the biochemical secretions affects our digestion and leads to indigestion such as acidity, constipation and indigestion
Management of emotions in yoga
Practicing yoga is one of the most effective ways to maintain stable emotions and prevent psychosomatic illnesses. The sage in his sutras recommends to sharpen the qualities to take advantage of the harmony in life.
PYS 1.33 says
The spirit of friendship should be entertained with those who have experienced happiness, a sense of compassion towards those in need, a spirit of goodwill toward those who are on the path of virtue and indifference to vice. This kind of approach helps to create purity of mind and emotions. The purified mind attains a single point, always attaining serenity.